Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue that normally lines your uterus begins to grow in other places. Often it will grow on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue that lines your pelvis.
Unfortunately, this tissue acts just like it would when it is in your uterus. It has its own menstrual cycle where the tissue thickens, breaks down and begins to bleed. As a result, the surrounding tissue becomes irritated.
If this blood is trapped it can lead to cysts, adhesions and other scar tissue. It can also cause pelvic pain, especially during the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis can also cause fertility problems.
What causes endometriosis is unknown, but researchers at Florida Hospital and its partner research labs are continuing to explore possibilities. Some theories point to the blood that contains the endometrial cells. It is believed that if it flows back into the fallopian tubes, it can take root and grow. Other researchers are studying the role of hormones and the immune system.
It is hoped that finding the root cause of endometriosis will one day lead to a cure. At Florida Hospital our women’s health experts continue to study the issue in order to find new ways to not only treat endometriosis, but one day, cure it.